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method() takes a generic and signature and retrieves the corresponding method. This is rarely needed because most of the time you'll rely on the the generic, via R7_dispatch(), to find and call the method for you. However, this introspection is useful if you want to see the implementation of a specific method.


method(generic, class = NULL, object = NULL)



A generic function, either created by new_generic(), new_external_generic(), or an existing S3 generic.

class, object

Perform introspection either with a class (processed with as_class()) or a concrete object. If generic uses multiple dispatch then both object and class must be a list of classes/objects.


A function with class <R7_method>.

See also

method_explain() to explain why a specific method was picked.


# Create a generic and register some methods
bizarro <- new_generic("bizarro", "x")
method(bizarro, class_numeric) <- function(x) rev(x)
method(bizarro, new_S3_class("factor")) <- function(x) {
  levels(x) <- rev(levels(x))

# Printing the generic shows the registered method
#> <R7_generic> bizarro(x, ...) with 3 methods:
#> 1: method(bizarro, "integer")
#> 2: method(bizarro, "double")
#> 3: method(bizarro, new_S3_class("factor"))

# And you can use method() to inspect specific implementations
method(bizarro, class = class_integer)
#> <R7_method> method(bizarro, "integer")
#> function (x) 
#> rev(x)
#> <environment: 0x55aa137aa5e8>
method(bizarro, object = 1)
#> <R7_method> method(bizarro, "double")
#> function (x) 
#> rev(x)
#> <environment: 0x55aa137aa5e8>
method(bizarro, new_S3_class("factor"))
#> <R7_method> method(bizarro, new_S3_class("factor"))
#> function (x) 
#> {
#>     levels(x) <- rev(levels(x))
#>     x
#> }
#> <environment: 0x55aa137aa5e8>